What does disability include?

Disability is a limitation, restriction or impairment which has lasted, or is likely to last, for at least six months and may restrict everyday activities. Disability is usually the result of an accident, illness, or genetic disorder. It may be:

  • physical—affects mobility, dexterity, stamina, speech
  • sensory—affects hearing, sight, touch, smell, concentration
  • intellectual—affects learning
  • neurological—affects brain function, central nervous system, autonomic nervous system (e.g., stroke, acquired brain injury)

Disability also includes:

  • mental illness affecting thinking processes (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, depression)
  • long-term conditions or ailments where treatment or medication is provided but everyday activities are still restricted.
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